headlice
Nursing Services Guidelines
 
Clovis USD implemented guidelines which are consistent with practices supported by scientific information regarding head lice. Head lice are a nuisance condition and pose no threat to a student’s health. Therefore, to protect students from unnecessary exclusion from school, those students with suspected infestations of head lice will be assessed and referred for treatment as follows:
 
IDENTIFICATION
 
An active head lice infestation shall be defined as the presence of a live (crawling) louse on the student’s head or facial hair. Check your child’s hair and scalp thoroughly once a week. It has been suggested by the American Academy of Pediatrics that parents check their children’s head periodically to prevent cases. In the meantime, be watchful and remind your children not to use other peoples’ combs, hairbrushes, scarves, and/or hats.
 
School Personnel trained by the credentialed school nurse will screen students who present with symptoms that include the presence of moving louse and/or persistent scalp itching. Students who present with lice eggs (nits) only are not presumed to have an active lice infestation and will not be considered to have a lice infestation unless a live (crawling) louse is found on the head.
 
Every effort will be made to protect the student’s privacy and maintain confidentiality. The student will be screened by separating the hair shafts and systematically checking the entire scalp. The presence of a crawling louse will be diagnostic for head lice.
 
“Head lice rarely (if ever) cause direct harm, and they are not known to transmit infectious agents from person-to-person. Thus, they should not be considered as a medical or a public health problem. There is no convincing data that demonstrated that exclusion policies are effective in reducing the transmission of lice. It is our professional opinion that the no-nits policies are based on misinformation rather than on objective science. ”Pollack, Richard J., 2000, Head Lice Information Statement,  Harvard School of Public Health website >>
 
REFERRAL FOR TREATMENT
 
A student with an active head lice infestation will receive a written referral requesting the parent/guardian to follow-up with an appropriate treatment at home.  A student will not be referred for treatment and sent home unless at least one live (crawling) louse is identified.  Students will not be sent home but will be referred for initial treatment with the presence of nits only. Students may remain in school until the end of the school day. Students with active infestations must be treated before returning to school.
 
TREATMENT
 
Effective lice treatment is defined as removing living lice.  The removal of nits and egg casings is not required to prevent transmission of lice to other students.  Nit removal is advised for cosmetic reasons or to help prevent misdiagnosis but is not required for re-entry into school.  If you discover head lice contact your physician, our CUSD Sierra Vista Children’s Health Center (327-7976), or consult a pharmacist. Please notify your child’s school Health Office if you find signs of head lice on your child so that the situation may be assessed prior to returning to school and the effectiveness of treatment can be confirmed. Remember to follow directions on the product regarding a second treatment as indicated, washing and drying all bed linen, frequently worn clothes of items that have had contact with your child’s hair. Items that cannot be washed should be stored in a sealed plastic bag for two weeks. Fumigating the house is not necessary. Lice treatments with documented effectiveness are listed below.  Clovis Unified School District does not give preference for any of the methods listed.  The goal is removal of the live lice in a way that is safe for the student.  The school nurse may be consulted for additional suggestions:
  1. Manual removal of live head lice.
  2. Wet combing:   Go through hair sections from the scalp to the end of the hair. Nits are usually found close to the scalp. Dip the comb in a cup of hot, soapy water or use tape to remove lice, nits or debris from the comb. Sift through the same section of hair and look for attached nits and live lice. Move on to the next section until the entire scalp and all hair has been checked.  Check the scalp of your infested child every day for 10 days and regularly thereafter. If additional nits (at least 3-5 per day) are discovered, another manual search is recommended.
  3. Treat with over the counter permethrin 1% or pyrethrin 0.33% solution (RID, Nix, generic brands, etc.) according to label instructions.  Label directions must be followed exactly for effective elimination of hatched lice.  Current literature advises repeating the treatment in 7-10 days if live lice remain.
  4. Sierra Vista Children’s Health Center can see your child and prescribe Lice Cure if indicated.
RETURN TO SCHOOL
 
Students can be effectively treated and returned to school with no more than one day of absence.  Students are considered to have been treated when no live (crawling) louse.  The presence of nits (eggs) alone does not constitute failure to treat and is not grounds for continued exclusion from school. The school nurse or trained staff will clear your child for re-admission to school after determining that the treatment has been effective in getting rid of the lice.
 
Reichert, Mackenzie, Hightower and Blake (2001) found that the presence of nits did not imply an ongoing active infestation with lice; on initial screening, only 31% of children with nits had lice.  Furthermore, not all children with nits became infested; only 18% of children with nits alone developed lice over the next 14 days.  Most children with nits alone will not become infested.  Excluding these children from school and requiring them to be treated with a pediculicide is excessive.  Pediatrics.  2001; 107:1011-1015. Page Content

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